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Knee injuries can be the result of an injury accident, such as a work-related accident, vehicle accident, sports injury, fall, or other cause of a direct blow or sudden movement. In 2003 alone, over 9.5 million people sought medical attention for knee problems.
The function of the knees, the largest joints in the body, is to provide flexibility and stability to the body. To carry out these important functions, the knees contain bones, cartilage, muscles, ligaments and tendons, any of which may be affected by a knee injury.
Cartilage works to protect the bones, which form the knee joint, from rubbing against each other. The knee joint is the junction of three bones, the patella (kneecap), femur, and tibia. Ligaments, strong elastic bands of tissue, connect the bones. Tendons, also strong cord-like tissue bands, connect the muscles to the bones. The muscles work to bend and straighten the knee joint. They also help to support and protect the knees. Any of these parts of the knee can be damaged in a knee injury.
Common Knee Injuries
Common knee injuries can include cartilage or menisci injuries, ligament strains, tendon tears, patello-femoral pain syndrome, and more.
Cartilage Injuries and Meniscus injuries
Patello-femoral pain syndrome
Abnormal movement, as in a traumatic injury, can result in a condition called patello-femoral pain syndrome, characterized by localized pain behind the kneecap. This pain often increases with long periods of sitting still, walking up or down stairs or hills, and squatting. Patello-femoral pain can come gradually with time. Knee injury treatment for this condition can include rest, the use of anti-inflammatory medications, ice applications at 10 to 20 minute intervals throughout the day, special exercises and physical therapy, knee sleeves or braces, and surgery.
Knee Ligament Injuries
Stretched or torn knee ligaments are a common source of knee injuries. Two sets of ligaments, the cruciate and collateral ligaments, are responsible for providing stability to the knee. The cruciate ligaments—the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)—are found inside the knee joint, connecting the tibia and femur bones.
Treatment for collateral ligament injuries can involve conservative treatments for incomplete tears, including Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE). A brace and special exercises may be advised. Rehabilitative physical therapy and/or surgery may be required in more severe cases.
Knee Tendon Injuries
A tendon, which connects the bones and the muscles of the knee, may tear with overuse or a traumatic injury or fall. Tendonitis is another condition affecting the knee tendons. Other knee tendon injuries include Osgood-Schlatter Disease and Iliotibial Band Syndrome.
Knee injury symptoms for a ruptured tendon can include a popping sound in the knee, severe pain, bruising, weakness, and reduced functioning and/or mobility. X-rays and an MRI are often used to diagnose a knee tendon injury. Bracing is a non-surgical treatment option for a ruptured tendon affecting the knee. If the tear is complete, surgery will typically be required to repair the torn tendon.
Knee muscle injuries
Muscle strains in the knee area can also constitute or aggravate a knee injury. The quadriceps and hamstrings, which both connect to the knees via tendons, can be strained, thus contributing to or causing knee injury.
Other types of knee injury
Other types of knee injuries include arthritis, osteochondritis dissecans, and plica syndrome.
Knee injury compensation
If you have suffered a knee injury due to an accident caused by another party or a work-related injury, you may be able to obtain compensation for your losses and suffering. Please contact the knee injury lawyers at Oshman & Mirisola to learn more about your legal rights and options.
Contact us today at 1-800-400-8182, or contact us online for a free case evaluation. Our firm utilizes the contingency fee system, where we not only provide free consultations, but never charge a fee unless we are successful in obtaining a settlement or jury verdict on your behalf.